With the fall of Tenochtitlán on August 13, 1521, the colonial period began. On one hand, the conquistadors found themselves with a territory dominated by profane and idolatrous beliefs. It thus became essential to bring religious orders from Spain (Franciscans, Dominicans, Augustinians, Jesuits, etc.). On the other, it was also necessary to redesign the pre-Hispanic cities, which gradually began to adopt a European appearance. The result of all this was the construction of innumerable buildings, both religious and civil: churches, atriums, monasteries and cloisters, as well as palaces, hospitals, colleges, hospices, bulwarks and aqueducts.
Some of these constructions are masterworks, among them the Church of Santo Domingo in San Cristóbal de las Casas, Morelia Cathedral, the Cabañas Hospice, the Royal Chapel of Cholula, the Palafoxian Library, the Augustine Church of Actopan, the Mining Palace, the Convent of La Merced and the Metropolitan Cathedral of Mexico City.
Colonial Mexico is a complete guide to all these constructions which were built in Mexico between 1521 and 1821. Its images provide evidence of the skills attained in the architectural arts. This book is also a valuable source of information on painting, sculpture, altarpieces and metalwork.