Every February 24 since 1934 – the year in which the first legislation on national symbols was passed – Mexico has celebrated Flag Day. On this day the proclamation of the Plan of Iguala by Agustín de Iturbide is commemorated, on February 24, 1821. The military man then raised the flag of the three guarantees and, from that moment, was considered the first national flag of Mexico.
The Mexican standard can be recognized by the three green, white and red stripes from left to right, and the central shield. But what do its colors and symbols mean?
- Meaning of colors
The three colors pay homage to the Army of the Three Guarantees or Trigarante, a military body that existed between 1820 and 1821, during the Mexican War of Independence, and was led by Agustín de Iturbide.
Green represents hope; white, unity; and red, the blood of national heroes. However, the National Shield, Flag and Anthem Law does not specify the official color symbolism, so there are other interpretations. In fact, originally, the target referred to religion, although Mexico is currently a non-denominational state.
- National coat of arms
The national shield, located in the center of the white stripe, symbolizes a golden eagle devouring a snake on a nopal (cactus) that, in turn, sprouts from an islet in Lake Texcoco. According to legend, the god Huitzilopoztli indicated to the Mexica that they would find this symbol in the land where they had to settle, and thus they arrived at what is now known as Mexico.
- Date of adoption of the current flag
The current Mexican flag was officially adopted on September 16, 1968, by then-President Gustavo Díaz Ordaz.
- Tributes to the flag
The Law contemplates paying homage to the flag on the following days: February 24 (Mexican Flag Day), September 15 and 16 (Anniversary of the Independence of Mexico) and November 20 (Anniversary of the Mexican Revolution).
- Similarities with the Italian
Some think that only the shield of the Mexican flag serves to differentiate it from the Italian one. However, the red and green of the Mexican are darker than those of the Italian and the proportions of length and width also vary. While the Italian maintains an aspect ratio of 2: 3, the Mexican is 4: 7, which makes it more elongated.
- Bloody flag
On September 8, 1847, during the battle of Molino del Rey against US troops, Captain Margarito Zuazo took off his jacket and wrapped his body with the Mexican flag before returning to the final combat to fall through the enemy bayonets. The bloody flag is in the National Museum of History.
- Original design of the National Shield
The National Shield was originally designed by Antonio Gómez, an inhabitant of the city of Pénjamo in the State of Guanajuato
- Current design of the National Shield
The current design of the Shield was created by Francisco Eppens Helguera and Pedro Moctezuma Díaz Infante, in 1968.
- The most beautiful flag in the world
In 2008 he won the contest for The most beautiful flag in the world, organized by the newspaper 20 Minutes, with 901,627 points. The second place was obtained by Peru, with 340,901 points.
- Historical changes
From 1821 to date, the Mexican flag has undergone various changes, especially in the coat of arms. Among others, from the establishment of the First Federal Republic, the eagle’s crown disappeared and laurels and olive trees were added. Since 1916 the bird appears in profile.