Children’s Day was created to commemorate all the child victims left by the First World War. In 1924, the League of Nations ratified the Geneva Declaration on the Rights of the Child, which aimed to ensure the protection of young children. But it was a year later, on June 1, 1925 during the World Conference on the Welfare of Children that the International Children’s Day was officially declared.
With the emergence of the United Nations (UN), November 20 was chosen as Universal Children’s Day, since it coincided with the date of approval of the Declaration of the Rights of the Child (November 20, 1959).
Why is it celebrated in Mexico on April 30?
In Mexico, Children’s Day has been celebrated since 1924, when the government of Álvaro Obregón and the Minister of Public Education, José Vasconcelos, accepted the ratification of the declaration in Geneva made by the League of Nations, and it was they who established as the official date of celebration on April 30.
The Geneva Declaration on the Rights of the Child establishes that children have the right “to material, moral and spiritual development; to receive special help when hungry, sick, disabled or orphaned; to first aid in serious situations; to be exempt from any economic exploitation and to receive an education that instills in him a certain sense of social responsibility.”