One of the pre-Hispanic peoples that attained enormous power was undoubtedly the Mexicas, also known as the Tenochcas or Aztecs.
This nation, which exerted great dominion in war and strict control of tributes, in addition to possessing one of the most complex rituals, centralized power in the City of Tenochtitlán. Even so, despite their dizzying expansion, the development of the Mexicas from the foundation of the capital until the arrival of the Spaniards, is reduced to two centuries of existence (1325-1521 A.D.)
The first part of this work describes the history of the Mexica people, from their departure from the mythical Aztlán until their settlement in Chapultepec, the building of the Templo Mayor and the end of the empire, which succumbed to the Spanish conquest.
The second part presents the sacred precinct, with selected photographs of the monuments that make up the tour of the place, with emphasis on the architecture and the sculpture observed on site. The third part of the guide is a tour of the different rooms of the museum; this construction opened its doors in 1987 to display the archeological finds in the main buildings of the Great Tenochtitlán. Its design is the work of architect Pedro Ramírez Vázquez and evokes the layout of the Templo Mayor.
Its eight rooms exhibit original pieces of spectacular craftsmanship found in the offerings (large-scale ceramic sculptures, objects made of green stone, conch, obsidian, turquoise and gold, among others). These objects make it possible to know the mythical-religious art of what was one of the manifestations of pre-Hispanic Mexico: Mexica culture.