The Museum of Anthropology is the sum of Mesoamerican civilization. Its rooms house everything to understand that cultural universe which still keeps many secrets. For that reason 26 rooms were assigned to exhibit the best preserved objects, from Olmec to Mayan culture, from Zapotec to Mixtec, from the pre-Classic period to present times.Collections | Mexico Full Color | National Museum of Anthropology
National Museum of Anthropology
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3 | Introduction
4 | THE NATIONAL MUSEUM OF ENTHROPOLOGY
10 | Mesoamerica
12 | Chronology of Mesoamerican cultures
13 | Location of Mesoamerican cultures
14 | INTRODUCTION TO ANTHROPOLOGY AND POPULATING OF AMERICA
20 | THE PRE-CLASSIC ERA IN THE CENTRAL PLATEAU
28 | TEOTIHUACAN
38 | THE TOLTECS AND THEIR TIMES
46 | MEXICA
66 | CULTURES OF OAXACA
86 | GULF COAST CULTURES
104 | MAYAS
128 | WESTERN CULTURES
150 | ETHNOGRAPHY
Giovanni Dagli Orti,, Ismael Villafranco, Michel Zabé, Marco Antonio Pacheco, Javier Hinojosa, Irmgard Groth
26 x 20 cm – 10.24 x 7.87 in
On September 17, 1964 the National Museum of Anthropology was inaugurated, but its background dates back perhaps to October 13, 1790, when six Mexica monoliths, among them Coatlicue, the Sun Stone and the Tizoc Stone were found at a shallow depth, buried for around 270 years, in what we now know as the Zócalo.
The Museum of Anthropology is the sum of Mesoamerican civilization. Its rooms house everything to understand that cultural universe which still keeps many secrets. For that reason 26 rooms were assigned to exhibit the best preserved objects, from Olmec to Mayan culture, from Zapotec to Mixtec, from the pre-Classic period to present times.
This book offers a detailed follow-up of all the Museum’s galleries, in such a way that the visitor may recognize and better value the pieces seen on the tour. Its explanations are extremely useful for deciphering the cosmos that reigned before the arrival of European civilization.
Moreover, in its 44,000 m2 (473,612 ft2) of covered areas the best artists of the times participated, such as Rufino Tamayo, Manuel Felguérez and Leonora Carrington. Its architect, Pedro Ramírez Vázquez, left Mexicans a masterwork.
Did you know that the Mayas and the Aztecs had two calendars: a sacred one of 260 days and a civil one of 365 days.
The use of these calendars was common to all the peoples of pre-Columbian Mesoamerica. Every 52 years a new cycle called “New Fire” began.